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Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Jan;10(1):72-8. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2011.09.010. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

Hypercoagulability in patients with chronic noncirrhotic portal vein thrombosis.

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  • 1Hepatic Hemodynamic Laboratory, Liver Unit, Hospital Clínic, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), University of Barcelona and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en red de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBEREHD), Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Although they have normal liver histology and function, patients with chronic noncirrhotic nontumoral portal vein thrombosis (NC-PVT) frequently have abnormal results from coagulation tests. We investigated the significance of these results.

METHODS:

We analyzed blood samples collected from 50 stable patients with NC-PVT secondary to a thrombophilic disorder (32%) or local factor (32%), or that was idiopathic (36%). We measured endogenous thrombin potential (ETP) with and without thrombomodulin, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, coagulation factors (I, II, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, and XII), antithrombin, proteins C and S, von Willebrand factor (vWF) antigen, vWF ristocetin cofactor, a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type 1 motifs 13 antigen, D-dimer, plasmin-antiplasmin complex, prothrombin fragment F1+2, activated factor VII, and clot lysis time. Samples from 50 age- and sex-matched healthy individuals were evaluated as controls.

RESULTS:

Compared with controls, patients with NC-PVT had significant increases in prothrombin time and activated partial thromboplastin time; they had significant reductions in levels of procoagulant factors II, V, VII, IX, X, XI, and XII, and the anticoagulants antithrombin, protein C, and protein S. The patients had increased levels of factor VIII and vWF antigen. Irrespective of etiology, patients with NC-PVT had a significant increase in ETP with thrombomodulin and higher levels of factor VIIa, prothrombin fragment F1+2, D-dimer, and plasmin-antiplasmin complex than controls, indicating in vivo activation of coagulation and fibrinolysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Patients with NC-PVT have hypercoagulability that is independent of the underlying etiology, based on in vitro analyses of thrombin-generation capacity and increased levels of biomarkers in blood samples. Further studies are required to determine if activation of hemostasis increases the risk for thrombotic events.

Copyright © 2012 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21946303
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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