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Curr Eye Res. 2011 Nov;36(11):1020-7. doi: 10.3109/02713683.2011.601842. Epub 2011 Sep 23.

Effect of lyophilized amniotic membrane on the development of adhesions and fibrosis after extraocular muscle surgery in rabbits.

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  • 1Ophthalmology Department, Cairo University, Egypt. rehabrkassem@hotmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To histopathologically evaluate the influence of lyophilized human amniotic membrane transplant on the development of postoperative adhesions and fibrosis after extraocular muscle surgery.

METHODS:

Ten albino rabbits were used. The superior rectus muscle was resected 4 mm in both eyes. In right eyes, the superior rectus muscle was wrapped with lyophilized (air-dried, freeze-dried) human amniotic membrane (group AM). In left eyes, the superior rectus muscle was not wrapped with amniotic membrane, and served as a control group (group C). The rabbits were sacrificed and the eyes were enucleated 6 weeks after surgery to perform histopathological examination.

RESULTS:

Two rabbits died 1 week after surgery and were excluded. Histopathological evaluation of both eyes of the remaining 8 rabbits was done. The amniotic membrane was not seen in all eyes. On comparing eye pairs of each rabbit, right eyes showed significantly less conjunctival inflammation (p = 0.034), but insignificantly less foreign body inflammation (p = 0.625), adhesions between sclera and muscle (p = 0.206), muscle fibrosis (p = 1.000), and conjunctival hyperemia (p = 0.059) as compared to left eyes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Lyophilized amniotic membrane insignificantly reduces postoperative adhesions and fibrosis, when used to wrap the operated upon extraocular muscles, limiting the benefit of this membrane in strabismus surgery.

PMID:
21942278
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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