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Opt Express. 2011 Aug 29;19(18):17075-85. doi: 10.1364/OE.19.017075.

Design of a monopole-antenna-based resonant nanocavity for detection of optical power from hybrid plasmonic waveguides.

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  • 1A*STAR Institute of High Performance Computing, Singapore.


A novel plasmonic waveguide-coupled nanocavity with a monopole antenna is proposed to localize the optical power from a hybrid plasmonic waveguide and subsequently convert it into electrical current. The nanocavity is designed as a Fabry-Pérot waveguide resonator, while the monopole antenna is made of a metallic nanorod directly mounted onto the metallic part of the waveguide terminal which acts as the conducting ground. The nanocavity coincides with the antenna feed sandwiched in between the antenna and the ground. Maximum power from the waveguide can be coupled into, and absorbed in the nanocavity by means of the field resonance in the antenna as well as in the nanocavity. Simulation results show that 42% optical power from the waveguide can be absorbed in a germanium filled nanocavity with a nanoscale volume of 220 × 150 × 60 nm3. The design may find applications in nanoscale photo-detection, subwavelength light focusing and manipulating, as well as sensing.

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