Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2012 Feb;10(1):26-31. doi: 10.1089/met.2011.0052. Epub 2011 Sep 20.

Serum adipokine levels in type 1 diabetic patients: association with carotid intima media thickness.

Author information

  • 1Section of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Marmara University Medical School, Istanbul, Turkey. dilekdy2002@yahoo.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Adipokines are markers of insulin resistance and play a role in the atherosclerotic process. The association of adipokines with the macrovascular complications of type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) needs to be determined. The aim of this study was to measure serum adiponectin, leptin, and resistin levels in type 1 DM patients and investigate their relationship with carotid intima media thickness (CIMT), a clinical marker of atherosclerosis.

METHODS:

Seventy-five type 1 DM patients and 115 sex and age-matched healthy controls were included in the study. Serum adiponectin, leptin, and resistin levels were measured by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA method). CIMT was assessed by Doppler ultrasonography.

RESULTS:

Adiponectin levels in diabetics were higher (25.8±14.8 μg/mL vs. 5.5±7.3 μg/mL; P<0.0001) and leptin levels were lower than controls (9.4±6.2 ng/mL vs. 12.8±8.6 ng/mL; P=0.01). Resistin levels were also higher in the diabetic group compared to controls (2.1±1.4 ng/mL vs. 1.6±0.8 ng/mL; P=0.04). Adiponectin was correlated negatively with CIMT (r=-0.24, P=0.03), age (r=-0.30, P=0.02), BMI (r=-0.33, P=0.02), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (r=-0.38, P=0.01) and positively with creatinine (r=0.44, P=0.004). Leptin levels were correlated with total cholesterol (r=0.53, P=0.01) and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (r=0.67, P=0.001). Resistin was correlated with CIMT (r=0.24, P=0.03) and systolic blood pressure (r=0.48, P=0.009). Multivariate analysis revealed resistin and creatinine to be independent predictors of CIMT among adiponectin, leptin, resistin, WHR, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and creatinine.

CONCLUSIONS:

Increased adiponectin correlates negatively and resistin positively with CIMT in type 1 diabetic patients, but adjusting for other known predictors reveals only resistin to be associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in this group of patients.

PMID:
21933002
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk