Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Immunol. 2011 Oct 15;187(8):4374-83. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.1002488. Epub 2011 Sep 19.

Complement regulation at necrotic cell lesions is impaired by the age-related macular degeneration-associated factor-H His402 risk variant.

Author information

  • 1Department of Infection Biology, Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology, 07745 Jena, Germany.

Abstract

Age-related macular degeneration is a leading form of blindness in Western countries and is associated with a common SNP (rs 1061170/Y402H) in the Factor H gene, which encodes the two complement inhibitors Factor H and FHL1. However, the functional consequences of this Tyr(402) His exchange in domain 7 are not precisely defined. In this study, we show that the Tyr(402) His sequence variation affects Factor H surface recruitment by monomeric C-reactive protein (mCRP) to specific patches on the surface of necrotic retinal pigment epithelial cells. Enhanced attachment of the protective Tyr(402) variants of both Factor H and FHL1 by mCRP results in more efficient complement control and further provides an anti-inflammatory environment. In addition, we demonstrate that mCRP is generated on the surface of necrotic retinal pigment epithelial cells and that this newly formed mCRP colocalizes with the cell damage marker annexin V. Bound to the cell surface, Factor H-mCRP complexes allow complement inactivation and reduce the release of the proinflammatory cytokine TNF-╬▒. This mCRP-mediated complement inhibitory and anti-inflammatory activity at necrotic membrane lesions is affected by residue 402 of Factor H and defines a new role for mCRP, for Factor H, and also for the mCRP-Factor H complex. The increased protective capacity of the Tyr(402) Factor H variant allows better and more efficient clearance and removal of cellular debris and reduces inflammation and pathology.

PMID:
21930971
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk