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Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2011 Dec;22(8):813-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3038.2011.01200.x. Epub 2011 Sep 19.

Risk factors for severe pediatric food anaphylaxis in Italy.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, San Camillo de Lellis Hospital, Rome, Italy. MI5660@mclink.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Little is known about the cause of food-induced anaphylaxis in children or about the factors that might affect its clinical severity.

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of this study was to investigate the cause of food-induced anaphylaxis in children in Italy and to identify factors that could influence the appearance of symptoms and the severity of anaphylaxis.

METHODS:

One hundred and sixty-three children with anaphylaxis consecutively attending 29 outpatient allergy clinics throughout Italy were enrolled in this prospective study. Information about past anaphylaxis episodes was collected with a standardized questionnaire. Food sensitization was evaluated by skin-prick test.

RESULTS:

A clinical history of asthma increased the risk of wheezing [odds ratio (OR) 2.2; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.1-4.5] and respiratory arrest (OR 6.9; 95% CI 1.4-34.2). A clinical history of chronic/relapsing gastrointestinal symptoms increased the risk of vomiting (OR 2.1; 95% CI 0.9-4.3), hypotension (OR 7.9; 95% CI 1.9-32.0), and bradycardia/cardiac arrest (OR 9.2; 95% CI 0.9-91.3). The severity of present and previous episodes was similar only in patients with mild or moderate anaphylaxis. Peanut and egg were the most frequent causes of severe anaphylaxis.

CONCLUSIONS:

A clinical history of asthma and chronic/relapsing gastrointestinal symptoms (probably linked to food allergy) may predict the development of respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms and the severity of anaphylaxis.

© 2011 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

PMID:
21929598
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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