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J Behav Med. 2012 Oct;35(5):538-47. doi: 10.1007/s10865-011-9379-8. Epub 2011 Sep 15.

The impact of emotional well-being on long-term recovery and survival in physical illness: a meta-analysis.

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  • 1Psychology, Health and Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE, Enschede, The Netherlands. s.m.a.lamers@utwente.nl

Abstract

This meta-analysis synthesized studies on emotional well-being as predictor of the prognosis of physical illness, while in addition evaluating the impact of putative moderators, namely constructs of well-being, health-related outcome, year of publication, follow-up time and methodological quality of the included studies. The search in reference lists and electronic databases (Medline and PsycInfo) identified 17 eligible studies examining the impact of general well-being, positive affect and life satisfaction on recovery and survival in physically ill patients. Meta-analytically combining these studies revealed a Likelihood Ratio of 1.14, indicating a small but significant effect. Higher levels of emotional well-being are beneficial for recovery and survival in physically ill patients. The findings show that emotional well-being predicts long-term prognosis of physical illness. This suggests that enhancement of emotional well-being may improve the prognosis of physical illness, which should be investigated by future research.

PMID:
21918889
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3439612
Free PMC Article
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