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J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2011;40(5):730-41. doi: 10.1080/15374416.2011.597082.

Sex variations in youth anxiety symptoms: effects of pubertal development and gender role orientation.

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  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1043, USA. ronac@umich.edu

Abstract

This study evaluated whether pubertal development and gender role orientation (i.e., masculinity and femininity) can partially explain sex variations in youth anxiety symptoms among clinic-referred anxious youth (N = 175; ages 9-13 years; 74% Hispanic; 48% female). Using youth and parent ratings of youth anxiety symptoms, structural equation modeling results indicated that youth who reported being more advanced in their pubertal development reported high levels of femininity and anxiety symptoms. Youth who reported high levels of masculinity had low levels of anxiety symptoms as reported by both youths and parents. The estimated effects of pubertal development, femininity, and masculinity on youth and parent ratings of youth anxiety symptoms were not significantly moderated by biological sex. Pubertal development and gender role orientation appear to be important in explaining levels of youth anxiety symptoms among clinic-referred anxious youth.

PMID:
21916691
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3209758
Free PMC Article

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