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J Biomed Biotechnol. 2012;2012:482568. doi: 10.1155/2012/482568. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

Characterization of porcine endogenous retrovirus clones from the NIH miniature pig BAC library.

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  • 1Department of Animal Science & Biotechnology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

Pigs have been considered as donors for xenotransplantation in the replacement of human organs and tissues. However, porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) might transmit new infectious disease to humans during xenotransplantation. To investigate PERV integration sites, 45 PERV-positive BAC clones, including 12 PERV-A, 16 PERV-B, and 17 PERV-C clones, were identified from the NIH miniature pig BAC library. The analysis of 12 selected full-length sequences of PERVs, including the long terminal repeat (LTR) region, identified the expected of open reading frame length, an indicative of active PERV, in all five PERV-C clones and one of the four PERV-B clones. Premature stop codons were observed in only three PERV-A clones. Also, eleven PERV integration sites were mapped using a 5000-rad IMpRH panel. The map locations of PERV-C clones have not been reported before, thus they are novel PERV clones identified in this study. The results could provide basic information for the elimination of site-specific PERVs in selection of pigs for xenotransplantation.

PMID:
21912484
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3168785
Free PMC Article
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