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Mar Pollut Bull. 2011 Nov;62(11):2520-32. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.07.026. Epub 2011 Sep 8.

In situ biomonitoring of caged, juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in the Lower Duwamish Waterway.

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  • 1Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Rural Public Health, Texas A&M Health Science Center, 101 Adriance Road, College Station, TX 77843, United States.

Abstract

Contaminated sediments may have wide-ranging impacts on human and ecological health. A series of in situ caged exposure studies using juvenile Chinook salmon was conducted in the Lower Duwamish Waterway (LDW). Chemical analysis of sediment, water, and fish tissue were completed. Additionally, in 2004, DNA adducts in hepatic and gill tissues were measured. Gills contained significantly higher DNA adducts at stations B2 and B4, prompting further analysis of gills in 2006 and 2007. Fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs) in bile, and CYP1A1 in hepatic tissue were also measured during 2006 and 2007, respectively. FACs in field-caged fish were comparable or significantly higher than wild-caught fish LDW fish and significantly higher than lab fish after only 8-10 days, demonstrating the equivalency of exposure to that of migrating salmon. Furthermore, selected biomarkers appear to be capable of detecting spikes in contamination between sampling years, emphasizing the need for multiple year data collection.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21906759
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3215507
Free PMC Article

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