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West J Med. 1990 May;152(5):578-84.

Cigarette smoking, nicotine dependence, and treatment.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, University of California, School of Medicine, San Francisco.

Abstract

Since the 1988 Surgeon General's report on nicotine addiction, more attention is being given to nicotine dependence as a substantial contributing factor in cigarette smokers' inability to quit. Many new medications are being investigated for treating nicotine withdrawal and for assisting in long-term smoking abstinence. Medications alone probably will not be helpful; they should be used as adjuncts in comprehensive smoking abstinence programs that address not only the physical dependence on nicotine but also the psychological dependence on cigarette smoking.

PMID:
2190425
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1002414
Free PMC Article
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