Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chest. 2011 Sep;140(3):580-5. doi: 10.1378/chest.10-3065.

Statins and brain dysfunction: a hypothesis to reduce the burden of cognitive impairment in patients who are critically ill.

Author information

  • 1Center for Quality of Aging, Center for Health Services Research, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA.


Delirium is a frequent form of acute brain dysfunction in patients who are critically ill and is associated with poor clinical outcomes, including a critical illness brain injury that may last for months to years. Despite widespread recognition of significant adverse outcomes, pharmacologic approaches to prevent or treat delirium during critical illness remain unproven. We hypothesize that commonly prescribed statin medications may prevent and treat delirium by targeting molecular pathways of inflammation (peripheral and central) and microglial activation that are central to the pathogenesis of delirium. Systemic inflammation, a principal mechanism of injury, for example, in sepsis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, and other critical illnesses, can cause neuronal apoptosis, blood-brain barrier injury, brain ischemia, and microglial activation. We hypothesize that the known pleiotropic effects of statins, which attenuate such neuroinflammation, may redirect microglial activation and promote an antiinflammatory phenotype, thereby offering the potential to reduce the public health burden of delirium and its associated long-term cognitive injury.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk