Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Asthma. 2012 Feb;49(1):2-4. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2011.611957. Epub 2011 Sep 7.

Occupation and COPD: a brief review.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA 94117, USA. paul.blanc@ucsf.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS:

This review summarizes the scientific literature relevant to occupational risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

This review emphasizes recent work in the field, while placing this in the context of two previous systematic reviews of the subject.

RESULTS:

Both the earlier summaries of the literature estimated that the population attributable risk percent (PAR%) of COPD linked to occupational exposures is approximately 15%. More recent studies also strongly support the association between workplace exposures and COPD. Among never smokers, the PAR% for work-related factors may approach 40%. Emerging data also indicate that occupational exposures, at a minimum, are additive to smoking-associated risk of COPD.

CONCLUSIONS:

The PAR% for work-related COPD is at least 15%. Scientific significance. The consistency, strength, and plausibility of these data support a causal relationship between occupational exposures and COPD.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Taylor & Francis
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk