Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Gene. 2012 Feb 10;493(2):176-84. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2011.08.006. Epub 2011 Aug 26.

RNA polymerase I activity is regulated at multiple steps in the transcription cycle: recent insights into factors that influence transcription elongation.

Author information

  • Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Alabama at Birmingham, 720 20th Street South, Kaul Human Genetics, Room 442, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA. dschneid@uab.edu

Abstract

Synthesis of the translation apparatus is a central activity in growing and/or proliferating cells. Because of its fundamental importance and direct connection to cell proliferation, ribosome synthesis has been a focus of ongoing research for several decades. As a consequence, much is known about the essential factors involved in this process. Many studies have shown that transcription of the ribosomal DNA by RNA polymerase I is a major target for cellular regulation of ribosome synthesis rates. The initiation of transcription by RNA polymerase I has been implicated as a regulatory target, however, recent studies suggest that the elongation step in transcription is also influenced and regulated by trans-acting factors. This review describes the factors required for rRNA synthesis and focuses on recent works that have begun to identify and characterize factors that influence transcription elongation by RNA polymerase I and its regulation.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21893173
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3234310
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (2)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk