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J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2012 Sep;40(6):485-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2011.07.023. Epub 2011 Sep 3.

Jaw cysts - filling or no filling after enucleation? A review.

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  • 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Regensburg, Germany. tobias.ettl@klinik.uni-regensburg.de



Jaw cysts are common lesions in the oral and maxillofacial region. Enucleation of the lesions and primary closure of the defects, the so-called "cystectomy", has evolved as the treatment of choice. In order to reduce infections and to accelerate bone regeneration, different types of bone grafts are increasingly investigated for defect filling.


The present review reflects the most recent studies using autogenous, allogenic, xenogenic and alloplastic bone grafts and compares the results to current investigations about conservative cyst enucleation without using any filling materials. Relevant studies with significant patient sample sizes were electronically searched in PubMed and Medline.


Simple cyst enucleation and blood clot healing show low complication rates and sufficient bone regeneration even in large defects. Prospective randomized trials comparing the additional use of filling materials to the "cystectomy" are rare. Currently available data do not indicate the superiority of additional bone grafts.


Enucleation of jaw cysts and primary closure without bone substitutes remains "state of the art" in most cases.

Copyright © 2011 European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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