Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Anim Reprod Sci. 2011 Sep;127(3-4):222-8. doi: 10.1016/j.anireprosci.2011.08.005. Epub 2011 Aug 19.

Parthenogenic blastocysts cultured under in vivo conditions exhibit proliferation and differentiation expression genes similar to those of normal embryos.

Author information

  • 1Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Animal, Universidad Politécnica de Valencia, Valencia 46022, Spain.


Parthenote embryos offer multiple possibilities in biotechnological investigation, such as stem cell research. However, there is still a dearth of knowledge of this kind of embryo. In this study, development and ploidy were analysed in parthenotes under in vitro and in vivo culture conditions. Subsequently, using real-time PCR, the expressions of factor OCT-4, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 3 and Transforming Growth Factor β2 genes were analysed to compare the embryo types at the blastocyst stage. Development and implantation of parthenote embryos were described after transfer at day 10 of pregnancy. Parthenotes showed similar blastocyst development for both culture conditions and most of the parthenotes produced were diploid. However, parthenotes developed under in vivo conditions showed similar mRNA expression of OCT-4, VEGF and TGF-β2 to 5 and 6 day old blastocysts. In contrast, parthenotes developed under in vitro conditions had altered the expression pattern of these genes, except for erbB3 mRNA. Finally, transferred parthenotes had the ability to implant but showed severe growth retardation and lesser size. This is the first demonstration of the influence of culture conditions on parthenote mRNA expression. Our study highlights the importance of culture conditions in subsequent uses of parthenotes, such as the production of stem cell lines.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk