Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2011 Nov;31(11):2595-606. doi: 10.1161/ATVBAHA.111.236521.

MicroRNA-16 and microRNA-424 regulate cell-autonomous angiogenic functions in endothelial cells via targeting vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine and Cell Biology, Leon H. Charney Division of Cardiology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA.



MicroRNAs play key roles in modulating a variety of cellular processes by posttranscriptional regulation of their target genes. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR2), and fibroblast growth factor receptor-1 (FGFR1) were identified by bioinformatic approaches and subsequently validated as targets of microRNA (miR)-16 and miR-424 in endothelial cells (ECs).


Mimetics of these microRNAs reduced VEGF, VEGFR2, and FGFR1 expression, whereas specific antagonists enhanced their expression. Expression of mature miR-16 and miR-424 was upregulated on VEGF or basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) treatment. This upregulation was accompanied by a parallel increase in primary transcript (pri-miR)-16-1 and pri-miR-16-2 but not in pri-miR-424 levels, indicating a VEGF/bFGF-dependent transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of miR-16 and miR-424, respectively. Reduced expression of VEGFR2 and FGFR1 by miR-16 or miR-424 overexpression regulated VEGF and bFGF signaling through these receptors, thereby affecting the activity of downstream components of the pathways. Functionally, miR-16 or miR-424 overexpression reduced proliferation, migration, and cord formation of ECs in vitro, and lentiviral overexpression of miR-16 reduced the ability of ECs to form blood vessels in vivo.


We conclude that these miRNAs fine-tune the expression of selected endothelial angiogenic mediators in response to these growth factors. Altogether, these findings suggest that miR-16 and miR-424 play important roles in regulating cell-intrinsic angiogenic activity of ECs.

Comment in

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (6)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk