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Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2012 May;250(5):731-9. doi: 10.1007/s00417-011-1765-y. Epub 2011 Sep 1.

A potential therapeutic strategy for inhibition of ocular neovascularization with a new endogenous protein: rhEDI-8t.

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  • 1The Department of Ophthalmology, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, 197, Ruijin Er Road, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors act as natural negative feedback in the focal area during the neovascularization process, and have less interference on physiological angiogenesis, and thus fewer negative side-effects. These inhibitors are potential candidates to combine with or substitutes for current popular anti-angiogenesis treatments to have synergistic effect. In this study, the effects of recombinant endothelial growth inhibitor protein (rhEDI-8t), a novel endogenous protein originated from collagen VIII, was investigated on ocular neovascularization (NV). Endostatin, a well-identified endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor, was compared in parallel and served as a positive control.

METHODS:

The inhibitory effect of rhEDI-8t on vascular endothelial cells was evaluated by a human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC) proliferation test and a bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) migration experiment. The effect of rhEDI-8t on ocular NV was further investigated in mice with choroidal neovascularization (choroidal NV) induced by laser, ischemic retinopathy and transgenic mice with expression of VEGF in photoreceptors (rho/VEGF) respectively.

RESULTS:

RhEDI-8t inhibited the growth of HUVECs and migration of BAECs stimulated by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Mice intravitreally treated with rhEDI-8t showed a significant reduction of choroidal NV, retinal NV and subretinal NV.

CONCLUSION:

Endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor rhEDI-8t showed a potent anti-angiogenesis effect in both in vitro and in vivo experiments. It contributed to the suppression of ocular NV. The study suggested that rhEDI-8t could be a subsidiary potent therapeutic medicine in addition to anti-VEGF therapy in future clinical anti-angiogenesis treatment.

PMID:
21881847
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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