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Mol Endocrinol. 1990 Mar;4(3):409-16.

Identification of a ligand-binding region of the human insulin receptor encoded by the second exon of the gene.

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  • 1Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology, and Metabolism, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010.


Structure-function studies of the insulin molecule indicate that an insulin B chain domain comprising residues 22-26 is involved both in binding to the insulin receptor (INSR) and in insulin dimer formation, suggesting that this domain might also interact with a structure resembling the insulin dimer interface in the INSR. Expression of a mutant INSR cDNA with a deletion of the region corresponding to exon 2 of the INSR gene produces a protein devoid of insulin-binding activity, although the mutant protein is processed appropriately to alpha- and beta-subunits, suggesting that the insulin-binding domain is encoded at least in part by exon 2. Within this region of the INSR molecule, the sequence 83-103 fulfills the structural criteria for a dimer interface. Studies of mutant INSRs with substitutions for phenylalanine 88 or 89 show that the presence of phenylalanine at position 89 is essential for full binding affinity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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