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Trends Microbiol. 2011 Nov;19(11):564-71. doi: 10.1016/j.tim.2011.07.010. Epub 2011 Aug 29.

Cryptococcus gattii: a resurgent fungal pathogen.

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  • 1Mycology Laboratory, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, NY 12208, USA. vishnu@wadsworth.org


Cryptococcus gattii and Cryptococcus neoformans are causal agents of cryptococcosis, which manifests as pneumonia and meningitis. C. gattii has recently received widespread attention owing to outbreaks in British Columbia, Canada and the US Pacific Northwest. The biology of this tree-dwelling yeast is relatively unexplored, and there are few clues about how it causes infections in humans and animals. In this review, we summarize recent discoveries about C. gattii genetics and its ecological niche and highlight areas ripe for future exploration. Increased focus on epidemiology, ecological modeling and host-pathogen interactions is expected to yield a better understanding of this enigmatic yeast, and ultimately lead to better measures for its control.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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