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Epidemiol Infect. 2012 Jun;140(6):1018-27. doi: 10.1017/S0950268811001609. Epub 2011 Aug 31.

Prevalence of smear-positive tuberculosis in persons aged ≥ 15 years in Bangladesh: results from a national survey, 2007-2009.

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  • 1International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, ICDDR,B, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the nationwide prevalence of smear-positive tuberculosis (TB) in Bangladesh. A multi-stage cluster survey of a random sample of persons aged ≥ 15 years was included in 40 clusters (20 urban, 20 rural). Two sputum samples were collected from study participants and tested initially by fluorescence microscopy and confirmed by the Ziehl-Neelsen method. The crude and adjusted prevalence rates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using standard methods. A total of 33 new smear-positive TB cases were detected among 52 098 individuals who participated in the study. The average participation rate was over 80%. The overall crude prevalence of new smear-positive TB in persons aged ≥ 15 years was estimated as 63.3/100 000 (95% CI 43.6-88.9) and the adjusted prevalence was 79.4/100 000 (95% CI 47.1-133.8). TB prevalence was higher in males (n = 24) and in rural areas (n = 20). The prevalence was highest in the 55-64 years age group (201/100 000) and lowest in 15-24 years age group (43.0/100 000). The prevalence was higher in persons with no education (138.6/100 000, 95% CI 78.4-245.0). The overall prevalence of smear-positive TB was significantly lower than the prevalence estimate of the previous nationwide survey in Bangladesh in 1987-1988 (870/100 000).

PMID:
21880168
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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