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Br J Cancer. 2011 Sep 27;105(7):881-3. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2011.338. Epub 2011 Aug 30.

Intravenous bisphosphonate therapy and atrial fibrillation/flutter risk in cancer patients: a nationwide cohort study.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Olof Palmes Allé 43-45, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. re@dce.au.dk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is conflicting evidence regarding bisphosphonates and atrial fibrillation (AF) risk in osteoporosis patients. However, bisphosphonates are used in much higher doses in treatment of bone metastasis and hypercalcemia, but little is known about the AF risk in cancer patients.

METHODS:

We conducted a nationwide population-based cohort study using Danish databases. All cancer patients exposed to intravenous bisphosphonates during 2000-2008 were matched with two non-exposed cancer patients by cancer type, distant metastasis presence at diagnosis, age, and gender. We used Cox proportional hazard regression to estimate hazards ratios (HRs) of AF/flutter adjusting for important confounding factors.

RESULTS:

Of the 3981 cancer patients exposed to intravenous bisphosponates, 128 (3.2%) developed AF/flutter. This condition occurred in 192 (2.4%) of the 7906 non-exposed cancer patients, corresponding to an adjusted HR of 1.7 (95% CI: 1.2-2.4).

CONCLUSION:

Intravenous bisphosphonates may increase AF/flutter risk in cancer patients.

PMID:
21878939
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3185951
Free PMC Article
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