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Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011 Aug;25(4):671-80. doi: 10.1016/j.beem.2011.06.007.

Worldwide vitamin D status.

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  • 1EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, VU University Medical Center, Van der Boechorststraat 7, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. nm.vanschoor@vumc.nl

Abstract

The aim of the present study is to summarize existing literature on vitamin D levels in adults in different continents and different countries worldwide. The best determinant of vitamin D status is the serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D). Most investigators agree that serum 25(OH)D should be higher than 50 nmol/l, but some recommend higher serum levels. Traditional risk groups for vitamin D deficiency include pregnant women, children, older persons, the institutionalized, and non-western immigrants. This chapter shows that serum 25(OH)D levels are not only suboptimal in specific risk groups, but also in adults in many countries. Especially, in the Middle-East and Asia, vitamin D deficiency in adults is highly prevalent.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21872807
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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