Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Peptides. 2011 Sep;32(9):1840-8. doi: 10.1016/j.peptides.2011.08.010. Epub 2011 Aug 16.

An integrin-binding N-terminal peptide region of TIMP-2 retains potent angio-inhibitory and anti-tumorigenic activity in vivo.

Author information

  • 1Radiation Oncology Branch, Advanced Technology Center, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 8717 Grovemont Circle, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.


Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-2 (TIMP-2) inhibits angiogenesis by several mechanisms involving either MMP inhibition or direct endothelial cell binding. The primary aim of this study was to identify the TIMP-2 region involved in binding to the previously identified receptor integrin α3β1, and to determine whether synthetic peptides derived from this region retained angio-inhibitory and tumor suppressor activity. We demonstrated that the N-terminal domain of TIMP-2 (N-TIMP-2) binds to α3β1 and inhibits vascular endothelial growth factor-stimulated endothelial cell growth in vitro, suggesting that both the α3β1-binding domain and the growth suppressor activity of TIMP-2 localize to the N-terminal domain. Using a peptide array approach we identify a 24 amino acid region of TIMP-2 primary sequence, consisting of residues Ile43-Ala66, which shows α3β1-binding activity. Subsequently we demonstrate that synthetic peptides from this region compete for TIMP-2 binding to α3β1 and suppress endothelial growth in vitro. We define a minimal peptide sequence (peptide 8-9) that possesses both angio-inhibitory and, using a murine xenograft model of Kaposi's sarcoma, anti-tumorigenic activity in vivo. Thus, both the α3β1-binding and the angio-inhibitory activities co-localize to a solvent exposed, flexible region in the TIMP-2 primary sequence that is unique in amino acid sequence compared with other members of the TIMP family. Furthermore, comparison of the TIMP-2 and TIMP-1 protein 3-D structures in this region also identified unique structural differences. Our findings demonstrate that the integrin binding, tumor growth suppressor and in vivo angio-inhibitory activities of TIMP-2 are intimately associated within a unique sequence/structural loop (B-C loop).

Published by Elsevier Inc.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk