Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Methods Mol Biol. 2011;756:273-81. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-160-4_15.

Simultaneous real-time imaging of signal oscillations using multiple fluorescence-based reporters.

Author information

  • 1The J. Allyn Taylor Centre for Cell Biology, Robarts Research Institute, Department of Physiology & PharmacologyThe University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada.


It is now well understood that G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-mediated cell signalling is subject to extensive spatial-temporal control, and that a meaningful understanding of this complexity requires techniques to study signalling at the molecular and sub-cellular level. This complexity in cell signal pattern begins with ligand binding to the receptor and its coupling to a variety of different effector systems. These signal transduction cascades within a cell involve a very complex series of molecular events requiring the generation of multiple second messenger responses and the activation a multiple effector proteins. In the present chapter, we will describe methodology for the simultaneous assessment of the spatial-temporal measurement of increases in intracellular Ca2+ concentrations and the activation of protein kinase C (PKC) in response to the agonist activation of a Gαq/11-coupled GPCR. Specifically, we will describe a confocal imaging approach to simultaneously measure oscillilations in intracellular Ca2+ levels and PKC translocation to the plasma membrane in response to mGluR1 stimulation in transiently transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells. The changes in intracellular Ca2+ were imaged using the fluorescent indicator Oregon Green 488 BAPTA and a recombinant PKCβII-DsRed fusion protein was used to image the sub-cellular distribution of the PKCβII isoform.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk