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Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2011 Aug;19(3):441-53. doi: 10.1016/j.fsc.2011.06.009.

Skin: histology and physiology of wound healing.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Cincinnati and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 231 Albert Sabin Way, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0528, USA. david.hom@uc.edu


It is important to understand the histology and physiology of skin for the prediction and optimization of wound healing. Optimal postoperative wound healing to minimize scarring entails minimizing local, systemic, and environmental factors that lead to poor wound healing. Keeping the wound clean and moist, minimizing trauma, and infection are the local wound tenets. Systemic tenets include minimizing medications that inhibit processes of wound healing, maintaining adequate nutrition, pain palliation, UV protection, and smoking cessation. This article presents the dynamic process of wound healing and the basic tenets to minimize scarring.

2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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