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Biochemistry. 1990 Feb 20;29(7):1861-9.

Expression, purification, and characterization of human factor XIII in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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  • 1ZymoGenetics, Inc., Seattle, Washington 98105.


Factor XIII is the terminal enzyme of the clotting cascade. A cDNA sequence encoding human placental factor XIII was expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae with the yeast ADH2-4c promoter. Expression levels were a strong function of the noncoding flanking DNA content of the construction. When the terminal 3'-flanking noncoding DNA was removed, expression increased approximately 50-fold. The protein was produced in quantity by high-yield fermentation and purified to homogeneity. The recombinant protein was cleaved by thrombin at the same activation site as purified human placental FXIII and exhibited 100% enzymatic activity. At high thrombin concentrations rFXIIIa was cleaved into inactive 54- and 25-kDa polypeptides. The identity of these cleavage sites and the blocked N-terminus to that of the human protein was revealed by amino acid microsequencing. A time course of thrombin activation was performed and the relative distribution of the thrombin-cleaved subunits to the uncleaved zymogen subunits determined; the results were consistent with the half of the sites catalytic model for transglutaminase activity proposed by Chung et al. (Chung, S. I., Lewis, M. S., & Folk, J. E. (1974) J. Biol. Chem. 249, 940-950, 1974) and Hornyak et al. (Hornyak, T. J., Bishop, P. D., & Shafer, J. A. (1989) Biochemistry 28, 7326-7332). Equilibrium and velocity sedimentation analysis indicated that rFXIII exists as a 166-kDa nondissociating dimer that behaves as a compact particle of 8.02 S. Thus, all of the properties of rFXIII thus far examined are consistent with those reported for human platelet and placental FXIII.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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