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J Nutr Metab. 2011;2011:539690. doi: 10.1155/2011/539690. Epub 2011 Aug 9.

Protein and Amino Acid Supplementation Does Not Alter Proteolytic Gene Expression following Immobilization.

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  • 1Exercise and Biochemical Nutritional Laboratory, Department of Health, Human Performance, and Recreation, Baylor University, Waco, TX 76798, USA.

Abstract

Objective. To determine if supplementation of protein and amino acids (PAA) decreases skeletal muscle expression of atrophy-related genes, muscle mass, and strength during immobilization in humans. Methods. Twenty males wore a lower-limb immobilization boot for 28 days and consumed either a PAA supplement (28 g protein) or carbohydrate placebo (28 g maltodextrose), while consuming their normal daily diet. Testing sessions included dietary analysis, lower-leg girth and body composition measurements, strength testing, and gastrocnemius muscle biopsies. Muscle was analyzed for mRNA expression of markers in the ubiquitin and calpain systems, myostatin, TNF-α, and NF-κB. Results. All genes of interest increased over time (P < .05), but there was no difference between groups. Lower-leg girth decreased over time (P = 0.02); however, there were no significant changes in body composition or strength. Conclusion. Short-term lower-limb disuse, despite the absence of significant muscle atrophy, is associated with increases in skeletal muscle gene expression of several proteolysis-related genes. These changes do not appear to be altered by oral PAA supplementation.

PMID:
21845220
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC3153915
Free PMC Article
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