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Int J Neurosci. 2011 Nov;121(11):605-13. doi: 10.3109/00207454.2011.598982. Epub 2011 Aug 16.

Immediate versus delayed switch from levodopa/carbidopa to levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone: effects on motor function and quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease with end-of-dose wearing off.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, Division of Movement Disorders, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90033, USA.



Assess motor function and quality of life (QoL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) subjects with end-of-dose wearing off (EODWO), comparing immediate and delayed switch (IS, DEL) to levodopa/carbidopa/entacapone (LCE).


LCE treatment improves motor function in PD patients with EODWO. Correlations with QoL have not been previously assessed.


A 16-week, prospective, randomized, multicenter, open-label study in PD subjects on stable levodopa/carbidopa (LC) doses with EODWO. The IS subjects switched to LCE at baseline; DEL subjects at week 4. The primary efficacy variable was UPDRS III score (baseline to week 4). QoL measurements (PDQUALIF, PDQ-39) were assessed at baseline, weeks 4, 8, and study endpoint.


The intent-to-treat population comprised 350/359 patients (IS, n = 177; DEL, n = 173). A significant decrease in UPDRS III scores at week 4 was observed (IS, 3.7U, p < .0001; DEL, 1.8U, p = .0018). Group differences favored IS (1.9U, p = .0148). At week 8, IS subjects had significant total score decreases in PDQUALIF (2.5U, p = .0133) and PDQ-39 (5.8U, p = .0001). In the mobility and activities of daily living PDQ-39 subdomains, IS subjects had significantly larger week 4 decreases (versus DEL p = .0331 and p = .0125, respectively). Adverse events included diarrhea (14.5%), nausea (12.3%), and dizziness (8.4%).


The IS provided greater motor improvement at week 4 and improved QoL at week 8.

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