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Magn Reson Med. 2012 Apr;67(4):898-905. doi: 10.1002/mrm.23095. Epub 2011 Aug 12.

Comparison of measuring energy metabolism by different (31) P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy techniques in resting, ischemic, and exercising muscle.

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  • 1MR Center of Excellence, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.


Alternate methods to quantify mitochondrial activity or function have been extensively used for studying insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus, namely saturation transfer and phosphocreatine (PCr) recovery. As these methods are in fact determining different parameters, this study aimed to compare saturation transfer results to PCr recovery measurements within the same group. Fifteen subjects underwent saturation transfer and ischemic exercise-recovery experiments. PCr decrease during ischemia (Q), induced by cuff inflation, served as an additional measure of resting ATP (adenosine triphosphate) production. ATP synthetic rate (fATP) measured by saturation transfer (0.234 ± 0.043 mM/s) was greater than (Q = 0.0077 ± 0.0011 mM/s), but correlated well with Q (r = 0.63 P = 0.013). Parameters of PCr recovery correlated well with fATP (Q(max,lin) : r = 0.71, P = 0.003, Q(max,ADP) : r = 0.66, P = 0.007) and Q (Q(max,lin) : r = 0.92, P = 0.000002, Q(max,ADP) : r = 0.76, P = 0.001). In conclusion, although saturation transfer yields higher ATP synthetic rates than PCr decrease during ischemia, their significant correlation indicates that fATP can be used as a marker of mitochondrial activity. The finding that both Q and fATP correlate with PCr recovery kinetics suggests that skeletal muscle with greater maximal aerobic ATP synthetic rates is also metabolically more active at rest. Magn Reson Med, 2011. © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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