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Curr Heart Fail Rep. 2011 Dec;8(4):242-51. doi: 10.1007/s11897-011-0070-8.

Impact of diabetes on postinfarction heart failure and left ventricular remodeling.

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  • 1Klinic for Endocrinology, Diabetes and Vascular Medicine, Klinikum Bogenhausen, Städtische Klinikum München GmbH, Englschalkingerstrasse 77, 81925, München, Germany. vonbibra@gmx.de

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus, the metabolic syndrome, and the underlying insulin resistance are increasingly associated with diastolic dysfunction and reduced stress tolerance. The poor prognosis associated with heart failure in patients with diabetes after myocardial infarction is likely attributable to many factors, important among which is the metabolic impact from insulin resistance and hyperglycemia on the regulation of microvascular perfusion and energy generation in the cardiac myocyte. This review summarizes epidemiologic, pathophysiologic, diagnostic, and therapeutic data related to diabetes and heart failure in acute myocardial infarction and discusses novel perceptions and strategies that hold promise for the future and deserve further investigation.

PMID:
21842146
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3208100
Free PMC Article
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