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Nat Cell Biol. 2011 Aug 14;13(10):1244-51. doi: 10.1038/ncb2313.

Notch post-translationally regulates β-catenin protein in stem and progenitor cells.

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  • 1Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease and Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, 1650 Owens Street, San Francisco, California 94158, USA. ckwon13@jhmi.edu

Abstract

Cellular decisions of self-renewal or differentiation arise from integration and reciprocal titration of numerous regulatory networks. Notch and Wnt/β-catenin signalling often intersect in stem and progenitor cells and regulate each other transcriptionally. The biological outcome of signalling through each pathway often depends on the context and timing as cells progress through stages of differentiation. Here, we show that membrane-bound Notch physically associates with unphosphorylated (active) β-catenin in stem and colon cancer cells and negatively regulates post-translational accumulation of active β-catenin protein. Notch-dependent regulation of β-catenin protein did not require ligand-dependent membrane cleavage of Notch or the glycogen synthase kinase-3β-dependent activity of the β-catenin destruction complex. It did, however, require the endocytic adaptor protein Numb and lysosomal activity. This study reveals a previously unrecognized function of Notch in negatively titrating active β-catenin protein levels in stem and progenitor cells.

PMID:
21841793
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3187850
Free PMC Article

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