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Parasitol Int. 2012 Mar;61(1):25-31. doi: 10.1016/j.parint.2011.07.021. Epub 2011 Aug 5.

Opisthorchis felineus and Metorchis bilis are the main agents of liver fluke infection of humans in Russia.

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  • 1Institute of Cytology and Genetics Siberian Branch of RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia. mordvin@bionet.nsc.ru

Abstract

Liver fluke infections are gradually transforming from a local problem of individual geographic regions to a widespread problem. The observed expansion is likely to be connected with the ever-increasing intensity of traffic flow and migration of the infected carriers between cities, regions, and countries. Opisthorchis felineus, the trematode belonging to the family Opisthorchiidae, is a well known causative agent of the infection called opisthorchiasis. Metorchis bilis, also a member of the family Opisthorchiidae, causes metorchiasis, a disease very close to opisthorchiasis in symptomatology. Genetic markers can be used to develop methods for differential diagnostics of these diseases. However, the questions connected with epidemiology of these trematode infections, their clinical characteristics, prognosis and therapy remain open. This review briefs the general biological characteristics of O. felineus and M. bilis persisting in various countries of Eurasia, their geographical range, epidemiology and molecular diagnostics of these liver flukes.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21840415
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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