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Thyroid Res. 2011 Aug 3;4 Suppl 1:S8. doi: 10.1186/1756-6614-4-S1-S8.

Molecular description of non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism at a neonate caused by a new thyrotropin receptor germline mutation.

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  • 1Institute of Experimental Paediatric Endocrinology, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany. heike.biebermann@charite.de.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Constitutively activating germline mutations in the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) gene result in non-autoimmune hyperthyroidism and can be transmitted as a dominant trait or occur sporadically. These mutations are mostly located in the serpentine part of this G-protein coupled receptor.

METHODS:

Sequencing exon 9 and 10 of the thyrotropin receptor gene in a two months old patient identified a mutation which was functionally characterized after transient transfection into COS-7 cells. Cell surface localization was investigated by an ELISA approach and for signalling properties we measured cAMP by alpha screen technology for Gs/adenylyl cyclase activation and use a reporter gene assay for determination of Gq/11 phospholipase C-β activation.

RESULTS:

We detected a heterozygous mutation in the first extracellular loop of the TSHR gene leading to an exchange of an isoleucine residue for asparagine at amino acid position 486 (I486N). Cell surface localization was reduced to 51% of wild-type TSHR. Functional characterization of the mutant receptor revealed constitutive activation of the Gs/adenylyl cyclase pathway, in contrast basal activity of the Gq/11 pathway was comparable to the wild-type. The bovine TSH-induced cAMP accumulation was slightly reduced, but IP3 signaling was impaired.

CONCLUSION:

We identified a new TSHR germline mutation (I486N) in a neonate with non-autoimmune sporadic hyperthyroidism. The mutation is located at the extracellular loop 1 and exhibits an increase in basal cAMP accumulation, but unexpectedly impairs the capability for TSH induced Gq mediated signaling. The TSHR homology model suggests isoleucine 486 as a potential key-player for induction of signal transduction by an interplay with further activation sensitive extracellular parts.

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