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Thromb Res. 2012 Apr;129(4):441-6. doi: 10.1016/j.thromres.2011.07.022. Epub 2011 Aug 9.

CYP2C19*2 and other genetic variants affecting platelet response to clopidogrel in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

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  • 1Cardiology Department, University Hospital of Patras, Greece. gksup@yahoo.gr

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Information regarding any possible additional effect of genetic variants other than CYP2C19*2 on platelet reactivity in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), while on dual antiplatelet therapy, is sparse.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Genotyping for CYP2C19*2, CYP2C19*17, CYP2C9*3, CYP2B6*5, ABCB1 and P2RY12 (c.-217+2739T>C) variants was performed in 146 consecutive PCI patients receiving clopidogrel. Platelet reactivity was assessed by the Verify Now P2Y12 point-of-care assay and high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) was defined as a Platelet Reactivity Unit (PRU)≥235.

RESULTS:

We identified 65(44.5%) patients with HTPR and 38(26%) carriers of at least one CYP2C19*2 allele, which had higher platelet reactivity compared to non-carriers [least square (LS) mean difference 44.5, 95%CI 15.8-77.3, p=0.003]. In the entire study population, the presence of at least one CYP2C19*2 or P2RY12 allelic variant was independently associated with HTPR (OR=3.02, 95%CI 1.16-7.86, p=0.023 and OR=3.11, 95%CI 1.03-9.39, p=0.05 respectively). In CYP2C19*2 non-carriers, carriers of at least one CYP2B6*5 allelic variant had higher platelet reactivity compared to the remainders (LS mean difference 35.6, 95%CI 3.7-67.6, p=0.03) and the presence of at least one CYP2B6*5 or P2RY12 allelic variant was independently associated with HTPR (OR=3.26, 95%CI 1.08-9.86, p=0.04 and OR=4.27, 95%CI 1.11-16.4, p=0.04 respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

Apart from the CYP2C19*2, other genetic variants involved in clopidogrel metabolism and action like CYP2B6*5 and P2RY12 seem to have an important association with HTPR.

Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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