Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2011;6(7):e22857. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022857. Epub 2011 Jul 29.

Secreted human amyloid precursor protein binds semaphorin 3a and prevents semaphorin-induced growth cone collapse.

Author information

  • 1Institute of Medical Biochemistry, Program in Biochemistry and Cellular Biophysics, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. magdesian@bioqmed.ufrj.br

Abstract

The amyloid precursor protein (APP) is well known for giving rise to the amyloid-β peptide and for its role in Alzheimer's disease. Much less is known, however, on the physiological roles of APP in the development and plasticity of the central nervous system. We have used phage display of a peptide library to identify high-affinity ligands of purified recombinant human sAPPα(695) (the soluble, secreted ectodomain from the main neuronal APP isoform). Two peptides thus selected exhibited significant homologies with the conserved extracellular domain of several members of the semaphorin (Sema) family of axon guidance proteins. We show that sAPPα(695) binds both purified recombinant Sema3A and Sema3A secreted by transfected HEK293 cells. Interestingly, sAPPα(695) inhibited the collapse of embryonic chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) dorsal root ganglia growth cones promoted by Sema3A (K(d)≤8·10(-9) M). Two Sema3A-derived peptides homologous to the peptides isolated by phage display blocked sAPPα binding and its inhibitory action on Sema3A function. These two peptides are comprised within a domain previously shown to be involved in binding of Sema3A to its cellular receptor, suggesting a competitive mechanism by which sAPPα modulates the biological action of semaphorins.

PMID:
21829538
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3146505
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (3)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk