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Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2011 Sep;22(5):309-13. doi: 10.1097/ICU.0b013e328349b004.

The genetics of anophthalmia and microphthalmia.

Author information

  • 1Albert Einstein Medical Center, Division of Genetics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19141, USA. bardakjiant@einstein.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To summarize recent breakthroughs regarding the genes known to play a role in normal ocular development in humans and to elucidate the role mutations in these genes play in anophthalmia and microphthalmia.

RECENT FINDINGS:

The main themes discussed within this article are the various documented genetic advances in identifying the various causes of anophthalmia and microphthalmia. In addition, the complex interplay of these genes during critical embryonic development will be addressed.

SUMMARY:

The recent identification of many eye development genes has changed the ability to identify a cause of anophthalmia and microphthalmia in many individuals. Syndrome identification and the availability of genetic testing underscores the desirability of evaluation by a geneticist for all individuals with anophthalmia and microphthalmia in order to provide appropriate management, long-term guidance, and genetic counseling.

PMID:
21825993
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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