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Expert Rev Proteomics. 2011 Aug;8(4):495-504. doi: 10.1586/EPR.11.39.

Unraveling pancreatic islet biology by quantitative proteomics.

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  • 1Biological Sciences Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland, WA 99352, USA.

Abstract

The pancreatic islets of Langerhans play a critical role in maintaining blood glucose homeostasis by secreting insulin and several other important peptide hormones. Impaired insulin secretion due to islet dysfunction is linked to the pathogenesis underlying both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Over the past 5 years, emerging proteomic technologies have been applied to dissect the signaling pathways that regulate islet functions and gain an understanding of the mechanisms of islet dysfunction relevant to diabetes. Herein, we briefly review some of the recent quantitative proteomic studies involving pancreatic islets geared towards gaining a better understanding of islet biology relevant to metabolic diseases.

PMID:
21819304
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3160816
Free PMC Article

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