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Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2011 Aug 15;68(16):1533-6. doi: 10.2146/ajhp100573.

Stability of diluted adenosine solutions in polyvinyl chloride infusion bags.

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  • 1Wal-Mart Pharmacy, Brockport, NY, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The stability of diluted adenosine solutions in polyvinyl chloride infusion bags was studied.

METHODS:

Adenosine 50-, 100-, and 220-μg/mL solutions were prepared in 50-mL polyvinyl chloride (PVC) infusion bags containing 0.9% sodium chloride injection or 5% dextrose injection and stored at room temperature (23-25 °C) or under refrigeration (2-8 °C). Each sample of every combination of concentration, diluent, and storage temperature was prepared in triplicate, yielding 36 samples. The samples were assayed using a stability-indicating, reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method immediately after preparation (time zero) and at 24 hours, 48 hours, 7 days, and 14 days. pH was measured at time zero, 48 hours, 7 days, and 14 days. Time zero concentrations were calculated from the equation produced from a calibration curve of standards ranging from 10 to 500 μg/mL. Samples were also visually inspected against a light background for clarity, color, and the presence of crystalline particulate matter. Stability was defined as retaining at least 90% of the initial adenosine concentration.

RESULTS:

After 14 days, all samples retained greater than 98% of the initial adenosine concentration, with no evidence of adsorption, visible precipitation, or considerable change in pH, suggesting minimal to no loss of product due to degradation or adsorption.

CONCLUSION:

Adenosine 50-, 100-, and 220-μg/mL solutions in 50-mL PVC infusion bags containing 0.9% sodium chloride injection or 5% dextrose injection stored at room temperature and refrigerated conditions were stable for at least 14 days.

PMID:
21817085
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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