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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2011 Aug 9;58(7):704-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2011.02.071.

Prognostic impact of staged versus "one-time" multivessel percutaneous intervention in acute myocardial infarction: analysis from the HORIZONS-AMI (harmonizing outcomes with revascularization and stents in acute myocardial infarction) trial.

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  • 1Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel, and Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel. ran.kornowski@gmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The purpose of this study was to compare a one-time primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the culprit and nonculprit lesions with PCI of only the culprit lesion and staged nonculprit PCI at a later date in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and multivessel disease.

BACKGROUND:

In patients with STEMI and multivessel disease, it is unknown whether it is safe or even desirable to also treat the nonculprit vessel during the primary PCI procedure.

METHODS:

In the HORIZONS-AMI (Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction) trial, 668 of the 3,602 STEMI patients enrolled (18.5%) underwent PCI of culprit and nonculprit lesions for multivessel disease. Patients were categorized into a single PCI strategy (n = 275) versus staged PCI (n = 393). The endpoints analyzed included the 1-year rates of major adverse cardiovascular events and its components, death, reinfarction, target-vessel revascularization for ischemia, and stroke.

RESULTS:

Single versus staged PCI was associated with higher 1-year mortality (9.2% vs. 2.3%; hazard ratio [HR]: 4.1, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.93 to 8.86, p < 0.0001), cardiac mortality (6.2% vs. 2.0%; HR: 3.14, 95% CI: 1.35 to 7.27, p = 0.005), definite/probable stent thrombosis (5.7% vs. 2.3%; HR: 2.49, 95% CI: 1.09 to 5.70, p = 0.02), and a trend toward greater major adverse cardiovascular events (18.1% vs. 13.4%; HR: 1.42, 95% CI: 0.96 to 2.1, p = 0.08). The mortality advantage favoring staged PCI was maintained in a subgroup of patients undergoing truly elective multivessel PCI. Also, the staged PCI strategy was independently associated with lower all-cause mortality at 30 days and at 1 year.

CONCLUSIONS:

A deferred angioplasty strategy of nonculprit lesions should remain the standard approach in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI, as multivessel PCI may be associated with a greater hazard for mortality and stent thrombosis. (Harmonizing Outcomes With Revascularization and Stents in Acute Myocardial Infarction [HORIZONS-AMI]; NCT00433966).

Copyright © 2011 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21816305
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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