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Urology. 2011 Oct;78(4):942-5. doi: 10.1016/j.urology.2011.05.046. Epub 2011 Aug 2.

Simple cystectomy: outcomes of a new operative technique.

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  • 1Department of Urology, University of Michigan Health System, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To present an efficient technique for simple cystectomy. Urinary diversion for benign indications is a relatively rare procedure. However, diversion alone without accompanying cystectomy results in a significant risk of complications, such as pyocystis, hematuria, pain, and secondary carcinoma.

METHODS:

We retrospectively reviewed our institutional experience with this simple cystectomy technique, which included 23 patients from 2007-2010 performed by 3 surgeons. There were 14 females and 9 males. All patients had exhausted all other possible conservative therapies. Indication for the procedure included neurogenic bladder and resulting complications in 9 patients, complications from prostate radiation therapy in 5 patients, refractory interstitial cystitis in 5 patients, and refractory incontinence in 4 patients.

RESULTS:

The average patient was 63.3 years old and had undergone 2.7 prior abdominal or pelvic surgeries and 3.6 prior urinary operations. The average operative time was 27.5 minutes for the simple cystectomy portion of the case (recorded in 19 cases) and average blood loss was 46.7 mL (recorded in 12 cases). For the entire procedure, including diversion with bowel segment, the average blood loss was 231.5 mL. The mean entire operative time was 318.5 minutes. There were no complications noted intraoperatively or postoperatively specifically attributed to the cystectomy portion. All pathology specimens revealed no evidence of malignancy. Mean follow-up was 8 months (range 1-33).

CONCLUSION:

This simple cystectomy technique, in most cases of urinary diversion for benign indications, can be performed quickly with minimal blood loss and complications.

Published by Elsevier Inc.

PMID:
21813168
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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