Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 2012 Jan;32(1):70-80. doi: 10.1038/jcbfm.2011.108. Epub 2011 Aug 3.

Quantification of ligand PET studies using a reference region with a displaceable fraction: application to occupancy studies with [(11)C]-DASB as an example.

Author information

  • 1MRC Clinical Sciences Centre, Hammersmith Hospital, London, UK.


This paper aims to build novel methodology for the use of a reference region with specific binding for the quantification of brain studies with radioligands and positron emission tomography (PET). In particular: (1) we introduce a definition of binding potential BP(D)=DVR-1 where DVR is the volume of distribution relative to a reference tissue that contains ligand in specifically bound form, (2) we validate a numerical methodology, rank-shaping regularization of exponential spectral analysis (RS-ESA), for the calculation of BP(D) that can cope with a reference region with specific bound ligand, (3) we demonstrate the use of RS-ESA for the accurate estimation of drug occupancies with the use of correction factors to account for the specific binding in the reference. [(11)C]-DASB with cerebellum as a reference was chosen as an example to validate the methodology. Two data sets were used; four normal subjects scanned after infusion of citalopram or placebo and further six test-retest data sets. In the drug occupancy study, the use of RS-ESA with cerebellar input plus corrections produced estimates of occupancy very close the ones obtained with plasma input. Test-retest results demonstrated a tight linear relationship between BP(D) calculated either with plasma or with a reference input and high reproducibility.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk