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Mol Cell Biol. 2011 Oct;31(19):4063-75. doi: 10.1128/MCB.05459-11. Epub 2011 Aug 1.

Spatiotemporally regulated protein kinase A activity is a critical regulator of growth factor-stimulated extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling in PC12 cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.

Abstract

PC12 cells exhibit precise temporal control of growth factor signaling in which stimulation with epidermal growth factor (EGF) leads to transient extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) activity and cell proliferation, whereas nerve growth factor (NGF) stimulation leads to sustained ERK activity and differentiation. While cyclic AMP (cAMP)-mediated signaling has been shown to be important in conferring the sustained ERK activity achieved by NGF, little is known about the regulation of cAMP and cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) in these cells. Using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based biosensors localized to discrete subcellular locations, we showed that both NGF and EGF potently activate PKA at the plasma membrane, although they generate temporally distinct activity patterns. We further show that both stimuli fail to induce cytosolic PKA activity and identify phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3) as a critical regulator in maintaining this spatial compartmentalization. Importantly, inhibition of PDE3, and thus perturbation of the spatiotemporal regulation of PKA activity, dramatically increases the duration of EGF-stimulated nuclear ERK activity in a PKA-dependent manner. Together, these findings identify EGF and NGF as potent activators of PKA activity specifically at the plasma membrane and reveal a novel regulatory mechanism contributing to the growth factor signaling specificity achieved by NGF and EGF in PC12 cells.

PMID:
21807900
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3187359
Free PMC Article

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