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Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2011 Jul;11(7):1077-89. doi: 10.1586/era.11.83.

Symptom management in gynecologic malignancies.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Abstract

Patients with gynecologic cancer experience significant symptom burden throughout their disease course and treatment, which negatively impacts their quality of life. The most common symptoms in gynecologic cancer include pain, fatigue, depression and anxiety. Palliative care, including symptom management, focuses on the prevention and relief of suffering and improvement in quality of life, irrespective of prognosis. In a comprehensive cancer care model, palliative care, including symptom management, is offered concurrently with anticancer therapies throughout the disease course, not just at the end of life and not only once curative attempts have been abandoned. Good symptom management begins with routine symptom assessment and use of a standardized screening tool can help identify patients with high symptom burden. Literature regarding epidemiology, assessment and management of pain, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, lymphedema, ascites, depression, anxiety and sexual dysfunction in gynecologic oncology patients will be reviewed in this article.

PMID:
21806331
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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