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Pain. 2011 Oct;152(10):2301-11. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2011.06.019. Epub 2011 Jul 29.

Readiness to change in pediatric chronic pain: initial validation of adolescent and parent versions of the Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire.

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA. guite@email.chop.edu

Abstract

Despite the clinical importance of readiness to change in predicting treatment outcomes among adults, no studies have examined this construct among pediatric pain patients. Because parents play a key role in adolescent pain management, both adolescent and parent readiness to adopt a self-management approach to pain merit further study. The primary goal of the current study was to validate adolescent and parent-report adaptations of the adult Pain Stages of Change Questionnaire (PSOCQ). Participants included 259 adolescent patients with chronic pain syndromes and their parents presenting to 2 pediatric pain management clinics. Using confirmatory factor analytic techniques, a 4-factor solution was supported for the parent version (PSOCQ-P) that included Precontemplation, Contemplation, Action, and Maintenance factors, whereas the adolescent version (PSOCQ-A) version supported a three-factor model that combines the Action and Maintenance scales. Within both versions, each of the factors was found to be internally consistent. The PSOCQ-A and PSOCQ-P showed evidence of criterion validity through significant correlations with coping strategies and pain catastrophizing. Stability findings at 4 and 8 weeks after a multidisciplinary pain clinic evaluation are reported. Associations between pediatric PSOCQ scores and demographic, pain, and functional domains were explored to inform future research. Further validation of the PSOCQ-A and PSOCQ-P measures with new, separate samples of pediatric pain patients and parents are needed before use in clinical contexts.

Copyright © 2011 International Association for the Study of Pain. All rights reserved.

PMID:
21802852
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC3222695
Free PMC Article

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