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Plant Sci. 2010 Nov;179(5):407-22. doi: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2010.07.019. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

High throughput DNA sequencing: The new sequencing revolution.

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  • 1Laboratoire Génome et Développement des Plantes, UMR5096 CNRS-IRD-UP, University of Perpignan, 58 av. Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France. delseny@univ-perp.fr


Improvements in technology have rapidly changed the field of DNA sequencing. These improvements are boosted by bio-medical research. Plant science has benefited from this breakthrough, and a number of plant genomes are now available, new biological questions can be approached and new breeding strategies can be designed. The first part of this review aims to briefly describe the principles of the new sequencing methods, many of which are already used in plant laboratories. The second part summarizes the state of plant genome sequencing and illustrates the achievements in the last few years. Although already impressive, these results represent only the beginning of a new genomic era in plant science. Finally we describe some of the exciting discoveries in the structure and evolution of plant genomes made possible by genome sequencing in terms of biodiversity, genome expression and epigenetic regulations. All of these findings have already influenced plant breeding and biodiversity protection. Finally we discuss current trends, challenges and perspectives.

Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

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