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Phytother Res. 2012 Mar;26(3):470-4. doi: 10.1002/ptr.3565. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Effects of ephedra water decoction and cough tablets containing ephedra and liquorice on CYP1A2 and the pharmacokinetics of theophylline in rats.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutics, School of Pharmacy, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, China.

Abstract

Ephedra water decoction (EWD) and cough tablets containing ephedra and liquorice (maxing cough tablets, MXCT) have been used widely in the treatment of asthma. In the clinic, EWD and MXCT may be prescribed with theophylline, one of the most popular antiasthmatic drugs and a typical substrate of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A2. So in the present study the potential effects of EWD and MXCT on CYP1A2 activity and the pharmacokinetics of theophylline in rats were evaluated. In the in vivo CYP1A2 activity research, the rats were given oral caffeine (10 mg/kg) after a 14 day pretreatment with EWD (18 g/kg) and MXCT (0.1, 0.2 or 0.4 g/kg). Then the CYP 1A2 activity was expressed by using the caffeine metabolic ratio (CMR). The results showed that the CMR increased markedly compared with the control groups. In the pharmacokinetics experiment, the rats were given oral theophylline (10 mg/kg) after a 14 day pretreatment with EWD (18 g/kg) and MXCT (0.2 g/kg). The results showed that the AUC(0-24 h) and C(max) of theophylline were reduced markedly compared with the control groups. These results demonstrated that EWD or MXCT pretreatment obviously induced CYP1A2 activity, therefore, speeding up the metabolism of theophylline. The concomitant use of EWD or MXCT may decrease the effect of theophylline in rats.

Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID:
21796703
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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