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Am J Ind Med. 2011 Oct;54(10):791-9. doi: 10.1002/ajim.20991. Epub 2011 Jul 27.

Depressive symptoms in women working in a poultry-processing plant: a longitudinal analysis.

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  • 1Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA. ravery@email.unc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Work in poultry-processing plants is physically demanding, and a number of studies have documented the effects of such work on the physical health of workers. Few studies, however, have examined the potential effects on mental health.

METHODS:

Longitudinal data were collected on 223 women who worked in two poultry-processing plants in northeastern North Carolina. Effects on depressive symptoms of demographic variables, work tenure at baseline, musculoskeletal pain, psychosocial job characteristics, coping style, and health-related quality of life were examined using mixed models.

RESULTS:

Psychosocial job characteristics were not associated with depressive symptoms as measured by the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression scale (CES-D) in this cohort of workers. CES-D scores decreased with increasing work tenure at the plant, which suggests a healthy worker survivor effect (HWSE).

CONCLUSIONS:

These exploratory analyses draw attention to the need to more carefully explore the possibility that the HWSE may extend to mental health outcomes as well as physical ones.

Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
21796659
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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