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J Infect Dev Ctries. 2011 Jul 27;5(7):535-9.

Molecular and serological assessment of parvovirus B19 infections among sickle cell anemia patients.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology, College of Medicine, University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia. oobeid@yahoo.com

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Parvovirus B19 is a cause of hemolysis and red blood cell aplasia in patients with sickle cell anemia. The present study aimed to assess parvovirus B19 infection among sickle cell anemia patients.

METHODOLOGY:

All patients (n = 138) included in the study were sickle cell anemia patients. Blood donors were used as a control group. Assessment of parvovirus B19 antibodies and viral DNA was performed using established methods of detection and B19 recomBlot assay.

RESULTS:

Detectable levels of parvovirus B19 IgG were found in 52 samples (37.6%) whereas anti-parvovirus B19 IgM antibodies were detected in four (2.89 %) patients of the sickle-cell anemia group. Anti-B19 IgM-positive samples contained B19-viral DNA.  These four patients presented with fever, malaise, pallor and no cutaneous rash. Anti-parvovirus B19 antibodies were detected in 22 (39.3%) of the control blood donors group. Anti-parvovirus B19 IgM antibodies were not detected in the control group. Using the recomBlot assay, 58 test samples (42%) were found to contain detectable levels of Parvovirus B19 antibodies. All the samples that were positive for parvovirus B19 IgG by the ELISA were also positive by the recomBlot assay. Six samples were only positive by the recomBlot assay and not by the ELISA. Two of these six samples were positive for B19 viral DNA.

CONCLUSIONS:

Establishing the extent of parvovirus B19 infection in sickle cell anemia patients will help in proper management of aplastic crisis in such patients. The B19 recomBlot assay may be suitable as a confirmatory assay.

PMID:
21795822
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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