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Int Urogynecol J. 2011 Nov;22(11):1429-35. doi: 10.1007/s00192-011-1508-y. Epub 2011 Jul 26.

The IUGA/ICS classification of complications of prosthesis and graft insertion: a comparative experience in incontinence and prolapse surgery.

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  • 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mainz University Hospital, Langenbeckstrasse 1, 55131 Mainz, Germany. skala@uni-mainz.de



This is a presentation of case series after the use of alloplasic material in urogynaecology.


From 2004 to 2010, a total 179 patients with complications have been referred directly after the use of alloplastic material in incontinence and prolapse surgery. Of this total, 125 patients had a previous vaginal sling plasty because of urinary stress incontinence, while 54 patients underwent a prolapse surgery with mesh use. Symptoms and findings are expressed by the recently introduced International Urogynecological Association/International Continence Society (IUGA/ICS) terminology.


The most frequent findings after vaginal sling plasty were bladder outlet obstruction, pain and tape exposure. The most frequent findings after prolapse surgery were pain and mesh erosion. The IUGA/ICS classification does not give the possibility to express functional disorders. Most revisions were done more than 2 months after surgery. After incontinence surgery, mostly the vaginal area of suture line was affected; after prolapse surgery, the vagina and the trocar passage were affected.


Mesh complication and affected site after prolapse surgery do differ from those after incontinence surgery. The IUGA/ICS classification of mesh complication facilitates the comparison of mesh complication.

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